1. How else might the decision-making information have been gathered besides ethnographics?

For decisions to be made the researcher must be very well informed on what is going on in the field. This means that he can use social scientific strategies other than ethnographics which include Epistemology and research strategies and Ontology and research strategies. This will depend on whether the research is qualitative or quantitative (Kottak, 2005).

2. What are the disadvantages to Glad if they only used ethnographics?

The major disadvantage of ethnographics is the high reliance on the observation of the observer and interpretations (Fine, 1993). This is risky because the researcher may have some bias on some issues leading to biased results hence misguided decision making.

Another major disadvantage is its inability to validate the researchers or observers results or conclusions (Fine, 1993). This is so because there is very little numerical data provided if any.

In addition, it is close to impossible to eliminate the researchers’ bias since he may have reservations (Fine, 1993).

Generalizing the results will not be possible in view of the fact that ethnography considers a single situation; this leaves ambiguity in the study (Fine, 1993).

3. Could this research have been done using virtual reality? Why or why not?

Yes. This is because virtual reality provides for mimicking of the real situation which can be done in this case. By creating a virtual environment then it will represent the real situation hence derive the deductions expected in decision making (Burdea, & Coffet, 2003). This situation will simulate how people deal with their trash.

4. Could the location of the ethnographic research influence the research outcome? Explain.

Yes. This is because if the researcher goes to a place with a unique character then he/she will observe the characteristic and hence include it in the research; in fact this trait may not necessarily be a characteristic of the whole population (Kottak, 2005).